We drive on the road every day, it is difficult to avoid problems such as broken tires, car stops, broken indicator lights in the middle of nowhere, etc. In these cases, the first thing that may pop up in your mind is to find a car service store. But it doesn’t seem to be feasible on some occasions. For instance, If you are driving on the highway, It is extremely difficult to find a garage or something just like that. All you can do when you find yourself in this situation is to rely on yourself to tackle the problem. In this article, we would like to provide detailed instructions on how to change a spare tire for a car, which seems to be one of the most common troubles cropping up.
1.What is the spare tire?
Before digging into the main point of the article, let’s do some warm-up and learn about spare tires. You can see a spare tire as a supplementary one that you may need in your rainy days when main ones are flat or unsafe for you to drive with. The spare tire is designed to be smaller than the main tire, its weight will also be reduced to help save fuel. A small tire will have more space to store other items in the car. At the same time, it helps car owners when changing tires not to break a sweat to carry because it is light, compact and not too bulky.
However, currently, there have been a number of vehicles that are equipped with tires with run-flat technology. Thanks to this technology, if there is a problem with a tire puncture, the car can still run hundreds of kilometers.
2. Is a spare tire indispensable?
Lately, many car experts have recommended that these spare tires be discarded. Those advocates of this idea think that it will help to limit the weight your car is carrying so you can drive faster. It may also reduce the costs associated with the spare tire like repair cost or even help avoid the situation that drivers make it worse as they don’t know how to do the replacing thing.
They also say that drivers can ensure a comfortable drive without needing spare tire by:
+ Regularly checking tire pressure before use. For vehicles equipped with a tire pressure warning system, it is simpler to let the driver know when the tire needs to be inflated.
+ Complying with the manufacturer’s regulations that say after how many kilometers a new tire must be changed.
+ Keeping some tools that can seal small deflations in your car.
3. How long can a spare tire last?
It’s undeniable that knowing how to change a spare tire when needed is useful but learning about the lifespan of a spare tire is also important as it ensures that you will not be in a sticky situation. You don’t want to get stuck in the middle of nowhere, do you?
Spare tires are often small in design and have poor frictional forces because they only have a small amount of inflated rubber and few spikes. Therefore, the spare tire should be replaced as soon as possible as they can travel on average about 80 km. Large tires should be replaced when the tire is worn or 10 years old according to the manufacturing date on the sidewall.
4. Instructions on how to replace the spare tire when the car has a problem
Step 1: Insert the wheel:
To change the spare tire, first you need to find a flat place to park the car. Then you turn off the engine and remember to turn on the priority lights with the handbrake. And you also should remember to put an extra wheel under the floor to support.
Next, you find 4 bricks, logs or rocks that are the same size as a brick. They will be obstacles placed behind the 4 wheels to prevent the wheels from moving while you remove the damaged wheel
Step 2: Prepare necessary materials:
After parking your car and keeping in a still position, you go and get the spare tire and the kit including the lock and unlock, the jack/jack, the wheel insert, the crank/jack, and the anti-rust tank.
Step 3: Lift the car by jack
Then you use the jack to raise the body of the car. It is recommended to place the jack in the chassis about 15-20cm away from the tire to avoid affecting the structure of the vehicle. When the wheel creates a gap of about 5 – 10cm from the road surface, stop jacking. This is enough distance to remove and install a spare tire.
Step 4: Remove the old wheel
After lifting your car, you remove the tire to be changed and place it under the vehicle.
There is one thing you should keep in mind about this kind of removing thing. When removing the bolt, you will first choose to remove any one, then remove the opposite one and continue until it runs out. Remove each bolt in a star pattern.
Step 5: Install the spare tire
Once the removing job is done, you install the spare tire on the correct axis to avoid misalignment, and gently tighten the screw and then turn it evenly. Then, you lower the jack, remove and tighten the screw. After that, you should check by running a test to see if there are any more abnormal phenomena.
We hope that the information that we have shared above will help car owners somewhat better understand and do a good job of changing the spare tire when something goes wrong. In addition, do not forget to bring your beloved car to the car maintenance center for periodic care. One last word, you should drive at a steady speed. you should not accelerate and decelerate continuously. These actions will increase the friction of the tire with the road surface and make your tire worn out faster. And while driving you must focus, avoid obstacles, bumps or foreign objects on the road. The more carefully you drive, the less likely your car will have tire problems.
Some frequently asked questions about spare tire installation and replacement
1. In which direction do you remove the big car wheel?
In which direction do we usually remove car tires? It’s advisable that you turn the screw in an anti-clockwise direction until one of the wheel bolts comes off. Then you continue to screw and remove all the remaining bolts on the wheel.
2. How often should tires be changed?
According to experts, usually every 60,000 – 100,000 km, drivers will need to change new car tires. However, each type of tire will have a different durability and lifespan. Some tire brands can run up to 130,000 km, while some other types of tires will need to be replaced after only 50,000 km.
3. Basic car tire removal process?
14 steps to change car tires properly
Step 1: Find a roomy space to park your car.
Step 2: Pull the handbrake and return the gear lever to P. …
Step 3: Insert the weight into the wheel. …
Step 4: Get the spare tire and jack the car. …
Step 5: Raise the car to enough height to change the tire. …
Step 6: Remove the wheel hub cover and loosen the screws by turning counterclockwise…
Step 7: Raise the jack so that the tire is off the ground.
Step 8: Disassemble the screws
Step 9: Remove the tire
Step 10: Install the spare tire on the axle
Step 11: Use your hand to re-tighten the screw until you can’t turn it anymore
Step 12: Lower the car but not all the way
Step 13: Lower the vehicle to the ground and remove the jack
Step 14: Put the broken wheel in the trunk and take it to the next mechanic. And check if the replacing job is actually done by driving and noticing the run at the same time.